A passive speaker is a type of speaker that does not have its own amplification system and relies on an external amplifier to produce sound. Passive speakers typically have a simple design, with a diaphragm and a magnet.
In contrast, an active speaker is a type of speaker that has its own built-in amplification system and does not require an external amplifier to produce sound. Active speakers are more complex than passive speakers, as they have additional components such as amplifiers, crossovers, and power supplies.
One of the main advantages of active speakers is that they are self-contained and do not require any additional equipment to operate. This makes them convenient and easy to use and allows them to be used in a wide range of settings. In contrast, passive speakers require an external amplifier and may be more difficult to set up and use in certain situations.
Another advantage of active speakers is that they can provide more precise and accurate sound reproduction, as the built-in amplifier allows for greater control over the audio signal. In contrast, passive speakers may produce less accurate sound, as the external amplifier may not be well-matched to the speaker and may not provide the same level of control over the audio signal.
Overall, the main difference between passive and active speakers is that passive speakers do not have their own amplification system and rely on an external amplifier. In contrast, active speakers have their own built-in amplification system. This difference can impact the convenience and sound quality of the speakers and may make one type of speaker more suitable for certain situations or applications.