There are several key differences between dynamic and condenser microphones. Dynamic microphones are generally more rugged and durable and are better suited for handling high sound pressure levels. This makes them a popular choice for live performances and other situations where the microphone may be subject to rough handling. They also tend to be less sensitive than condenser microphones, which means they pick up less background noise and are less likely to distort at high volumes.
Condenser microphones, on the other hand, are more sensitive and are better able to capture subtle nuances in sound. This makes them a popular choice for recording applications, as they are able to pick up a wider range of frequencies and provide a more accurate representation of the sound being recorded. They also tend to be more delicate and require more careful handling, as well as a power source, either through batteries or an external power supply.
In general, dynamic microphones are better suited for live performances, while condenser microphones are better for recording. The best choice will depend on the specific needs of the user and the application in which the microphone will be used.