Passive bass guitars are considered to be more traditional and offer a more "natural" sound, as they rely on the natural resonance of the instrument to produce their sound. Active bass guitars, on the other hand, are known for their versatility and ability to produce a wide range of sounds, thanks to their built-in electronics.
One of the main differences between passive and active bass guitars is the way they are played. Passive bass guitars require the player to use their hands and fingers to shape the sound of the instrument, while active bass guitars allow the player to control the sound using the built-in electronics, such as EQ knobs and tone controls.
Another difference is the type of pickups used in the two types of bass guitars. Passive bass guitars typically use passive pickups, which use magnets to convert string vibrations into electrical signals, while active bass guitars use active pickups, which require a power source to amplify the signal.
Overall, the choice between a passive and active bass guitar depends on the individual preferences of the player and the type of music they play. Passive bass guitars are often preferred by players who want a more traditional, natural sound, while active bass guitars are popular among players who want more control over their sound and the ability to produce a wide range of tones.